Every day this week we took a look at Pi. On Monday and again later in the week we listened to the Mathematical Pi Song (to the tune of American Pie). I gave each student a paper plate and assigned them a number. They were to write that number on the plate and decorate. We hung the plates in a “Pi Number Line” down the hall. That way we could think about this irrational number all week! I gave each student a copy of the Greek Alphabet and we practiced reciting it. I wanted them to see the letter Π and know where it came from.

On Tuesday we reviewed the words <radius>, <circumference>, and <diameter>. Earlier in the year we had discovered that the word sum for <circumference> is <circum> + <fer> + <ence>. The prefix <circum> means around and the base <fer> means to carry. The circumference is the distance **carried** **around** the outside of the circle. The word sum for <diameter> is <dia> + <meter>. The prefix <dia> means through and the base <meter> means to measure. You **measure** the distance **through** the circle to find the diameter. The word sum for <radius> is <radi> + <us>. The base <radi> means rod, spoke of wheel, and ray of light. I like to picture the radius of a circle as a **spoke of a wheel**. I brought miniature donuts. We multiplied the diameter of a donut by Pi, and in doing so calculated the circumference of the donut. We watched another video having to do with Pi. This one was the ‘The Dance of the Sugar Pi Fairy’! How fun to find creative ways to memorize digits of Pi. (Certainly not a necessary thing to do, but certainly a tempting thing to do)

On Wednesday I brought cookies. We measured the circumference and divided that by Pi to calculate the diameter of the cookie. We also listened to some very creative math/musicians who put digits of Pi to music! The first one is called Song from Π. It is an enchanting piano piece with interesting facts about the number Pi. The digits of Pi float by as they are being played on the piano. Quite honestly, we loved the music, but found it difficult to follow the digits. The second one was fascinating for other reasons. The artist repeats the first 31 digits of Pi. He uses different instruments and different tempos. It’s called What Pi Sounds Like.

On Thursday I brought peanut butter cups and we measured both the circumference and the diameter. We then found Pi by dividing the circumference by the diameter. Several students came up with 3.166. That’s pretty close! We watched a video about art created from the digits of Pi. It is called Pi is Beautiful. We were inspired to see what kind of art we could create using the digits of Pi. I found a circular graph. We numbered around the outside using the digits of Pi. If the number was a 3, then 3 squares toward the center were colored in. Some students assigned a specific color to each number 1-9 to see what that would look like. Some students stuck to using 1, 2, or 3 colors. We were very pleased with the results and hung them in the hall above our Pi number line.

Then came Friday – March 14! Students brought in pies – 17 in all! We ate pie several times throughout the day and shared with adults around the school. We held a contest to see who had been able to memorize the most digits of Pi throughout the week. Our winner memorized **100** digits of Pi! We were amazed! Our second place winner memorized **61** digits and our third place winner memorized **24** digits! Wow! What fun. Enjoy the following video. It’s kind of a medley of our day!

As I’m sure you discovered, the letter is the initial letter of the Greek ‘περιφέρεια’ whose elements are:

– ‘περι’ : a preposition for “round about, all around”

– ‘φερ’ : the stem of the verb for “carry”

– ‘-εια’ : an inflection signalling a noun

So you can see from your own analysis of the Latin ‘circumference’ that the Latin structure corresponds structurally with the structure of the Greek ‘περιφέρεια’ that was being transcribed into Latin.

– ‘περι’ : ‘circum’

– ‘φερ’ : ‘fer’

– ‘-εια’ : ‘-entia’

This is why Etymonline’s entry for ‘circumference’ calls the Latin a “loan-translation of Greek periphereia”. You might like to follow up the concept of ‘loan translations’.

This Greek root ‘‘περιφέρεια’ has given us the English ‘periphery’. And now you’ll also know why the ring road boulevard around Paris is called ‘le périphérique’.

You are really fortunate to be working with Mrs Steven; she has just completed and survived the Real Spelling Spellinar ‘Transcribing Greek’.